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Du partage des compétences au partage de la souveraineté : des territoires d'outre-mer aux "pays d'outre-mer"

Résumé : The sharing of powers between the state and the t. O. M. Has always been marked by an important particularism. Originally linked to the principle of legislative specialty, it manifested itself in the distribution of competences between the national authorities to choose the texts applicable overseas, and possibly to draw up an adapted legislation. Then, this principle allowed local authorities to regulate autonomously and protect their area of ​​competence. With the constitution of 1958, it follows from the particular organization of t. O. M., very varied with regard to the distribution of competences in New Caledonia, French Polynesia and in Wallis and Futuna. The extent of the powers transferred is without common measure in these territories, nevertheless the system of distribution presents certain characteristic features: competence in principle to the local authorities and derogation from the national distribution of normative powers. Limits to the autonomy of t. OM Appear both during the development of the distribution of competences with the State and during its application: competences reserved for the State, character of administrative acts of overseas standards, precarious and subject to a hierarchy of standards which is not very helpful. with regard to their normative freedom. To overcome them, the constituent shared its sovereignty by transforming the t. O. M. In overseas country, endowed with its own citizenship, adopting laws of the country. The indivisibility of sovereignty and the people are called into question, as is the purely unitary character of the state, transformed into an autonomous state. This statutory development is not accompanied by financial autonomy
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Contributeur : Jeanne Adrian Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : vendredi 20 novembre 2020 - 02:22:03
Dernière modification le : mercredi 25 novembre 2020 - 06:04:02


  • HAL Id : tel-03015667, version 1



Jeanne Page. Du partage des compétences au partage de la souveraineté : des territoires d'outre-mer aux "pays d'outre-mer". Droit. ecole doctorale aix-marseille, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-03015667⟩



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