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Pseudoalteromonas sp. NC201, un probiotique isolé en Nouvelle-Calédonie pour l'élevage de la crevette Litopenaeus stylirostris : Caractérisation et impact sur l’état physiologique de la crevette

Résumé : The Pseudoalteromonas sp. NC201 strain, isolated in New Caledonia, displayed antibacterial and probiotic properties in shrimp hatcheries. This strain is an alternative to antibiotics use. This thesis focused on the characterization of NC201, its antimicrobial potential as well as on the study on its effect on Litopenaeus stylirostris during experimental challenges. The analysis of the complete genome sequence of NC201 revealed multiple clusters coding for potential antimicrobial compounds as well as two amino acid oxidases. One of these oxidases was identified as capable of inhibiting Vibrio pathogenic to L. stylirostris such as V. penaeicida and V. nigripulchritudo. In vivo trials confirmed the probiotic role of NC201 towards L. stylirostris. Indeed NC201 was responsible for higher survival rates in animals confronted to hypo and hypersaline stress as well as to bacterial challenge through infection with V. nigripulchritudo. During experimental infections the presence of NC201 and V. nigripulchritudo was monitored in the shrimp hemolymph. Both bacteria are capable of invading the shrimp’s hemolymph but seemed mutually exclusive in this compartment during the 24 hours following the infection. The expression profile of genes involved in the immune response and the response to oxidative stress were quantified in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas, respectively. Enzymatic activities and quantification of bioindicators of oxydative stress were measured in the hepatopancreas. These modulations highlighted that NC201 induced an increase in the shrimp overall health status leading to enhanced responses to stresses.
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https://hal-unc.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02934098
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 septembre 2020 - 03:11:44
Dernière modification le : vendredi 2 octobre 2020 - 09:49:53

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Louis Sorieul. Pseudoalteromonas sp. NC201, un probiotique isolé en Nouvelle-Calédonie pour l'élevage de la crevette Litopenaeus stylirostris : Caractérisation et impact sur l’état physiologique de la crevette. Interactions entre organismes. Université de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NCAL0009⟩. ⟨tel-02934098⟩

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